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SEKOLAH MENENGAH ATAS / MADRASAH ALIYAH
 Kelas : XII, Ebtanas (Bahasa Inggris/Tahun 2009)
Supported  BY  INVIRCOM
        Every time they see illegal logging in their area, the women and children cry out, "Where can we settle and make a living if our forests were gone?"
        They are the forest people, members of the local Anak Dalam tribe, in Mangkekal (Makekal), Bukit Duabelas national Park, Jambi province. They have tried very hard to protect the forest zone from illegal logging operations. "Adult as well as children are fighting for the conservation of this forest," said tribal chief Tumenggung (Regent) meriak.
        The national park zone is about 60,000 hectares. It is home for about 1,500 Anak Dalam. The tribesmen live in Mangkekal, Kedasung, Air hitam, and Terap.

1.   The text mainly tells us about ........
A.forest people
B.National Park
C.forest conservation
D.illegal logging
E.illegal operation

2.   Who were fighting for the conservation of the forest ........
A.Members of the local Anak Dalam
B.Tribal chief and his partner
C.Women and children
D.Adults and children
E.Tribesmen

3.   The purpose of the text is ........
A.to describe the Bukit Dua Belas National Park
B.to persuade readers about National Park Zone
C.to tell the readers what had happened in the forest
D.to entertain readers with a story about Anak Dalam
E.to inform readers about illegal logging

4.   The tribesmen who are not included in the protest are from ........
A.Terap
B.Jambi
C.Air hitam
D.Kedasung
E.Mangkekal

        The Incas used to be a large empire of 990.000 km² in Peru of South America. Their city was high up in the Andes Mountains. They were well- known for their great wealth, especially gold. This great empire was unfortunately destroyed in an attack by the Spaniards who were searching for their famed gold. Although this empire existed way back in 1493, it was not backward but complex and well-organized.
        The empire was ruled by the Sapa Inca, Lord of the World, Son of the Sun. He owned everything in the empire - the land, soil, gold and even the people. The people, therefore, had no freedom.
        Boys and girls were to life of obedience and tradition. They began working in their ayllu or family groups. The rule was Ama sua, ama llulla, ama sheklla, which means, "Do not steal, do not lie, do not be lazy."
        Despite this difficult way of live, the Incas were very skilful. They constructed drainage system and underground water reservoirs. Their buildings were made from huge stones. These were cut to flit perfectly together so that no mortar was needed. Their rope bridges were so strong that even a horse could gallop across them!
        The Incas had no written language. Information was recorded on knotted strings called quipus. These were also used as calculators. Strong and healthy young boys were chosen as chasquis or couriers to carry messages from one place to another.

5.   The text mainly tells about ........
A.Chasquis
B.the Incas
C.Sapa Inca
D.Spaniards
E.the Andes

6.   "They constructed drainage system and underground water reservoirs." (Paragraph 4)
The underlined word has the same meaning as ........
A.grew
B.bore
C.built
D.existed
E.renovated

7.   How was the empire destroyed ........
A.The empire was destroyed by huge stones.
B.It was destroyed by well-organized ayllu.
C.The empire was ruled by the Sapa Inca.
D.It was reconstructed by systems.
E.It was attacked by the Spaniards

8.   What did they use to calculate ........
A.Quipus.
B.Strings.
C.Mortars.
D.Chasquis
E.Huge stones.

                                      Higher Education for Women

        In this modern era, there are still some parents who are reluctant about sending their daughters to college. The narrow attitude shown to women's education is largely due to the traditional role of women in society. A woman is expected to be a wife and a mother. Most parents believe that if their daughter gets married and chooses to be a housewife, then the higher education will be waste. However, an educated woman is not only a better wife but also contributes something to the society.
        Nowadays, more and more women are successfully combining their career and marriage. Educated women are richer both emotionally and financially. They are able to find an outlet for their monotonous drudgery of their housekeeping. They bring more satisfaction and contentment to their lives.
        Depriving girls of higher education is crash discrimination. Times have changed; modern society needs the talents of its people regardless of gender. Today, women work alongside men. In fact, in the last few decades, women have made outstanding contributions to society.
       Women should be given the freedom to be educated whether or not they get married or go to work after finishing their education, because it is only through education that a woman will find herself useful and discover that she wants in life. A woman who works is not an insult to her husband. Conversely, her husband should feel proud of her achievements since. marriage is actually an equal patnership.
        Therefore, parents should not think that girls should receive less education just because they will get married one day.

9.   What makes parents reluctant to send their daughters to college ........
A.They think education will be a waste.
B.More women are successful in their career.
C.It is a waste for women to go to college.
D.Traditional roles of women in society do not need high education.
E.They have to contribute something to the society.

10.   What is the main purpose of the text ........
A.To put forward a point of view or argument about higher education for women.
B.To tell the parents in this modern era about how to educate their daughters.
C.To persuade readers what should and should not do about education.
D.To explain to readers about how to give education for their daughters.
E.To describe the fact about how some parents educate their daughters.

11.   Modern society needs ........