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SEKOLAH MENENGAH ATAS / MADRASAH ALIYAH
 Kelas : XII, Ebtanas (Bahasa Inggris/Tahun 2009)
Supported  BY  INVIRCOM
        Every time they see illegal logging in their area, the women and children cry out, "Where can we settle and make a living if our forests were gone?"
        They are the forest people, members of the local Anak Dalam tribe, in Mangkekal (Makekal), Bukit Duabelas national Park, Jambi province. They have tried very hard to protect the forest zone from illegal logging operations. "Adult as well as children are fighting for the conservation of this forest," said tribal chief Tumenggung (Regent) meriak.
        The national park zone is about 60,000 hectares. It is home for about 1,500 Anak Dalam. The tribesmen live in Mangkekal, Kedasung, Air hitam, and Terap.

1.   The text mainly tells us about ........
A.forest people
B.National Park
C.forest conservation
D.illegal logging
E.illegal operation

2.   Who were fighting for the conservation of the forest ........
A.Members of the local Anak Dalam
B.Tribal chief and his partner
C.Women and children
D.Adults and children
E.Tribesmen

3.   The purpose of the text is ........
A.to describe the Bukit Dua Belas National Park
B.to persuade readers about National Park Zone
C.to tell the readers what had happened in the forest
D.to entertain readers with a story about Anak Dalam
E.to inform readers about illegal logging

4.   The tribesmen who are not included in the protest are from ........
A.Terap
B.Jambi
C.Air hitam
D.Kedasung
E.Mangkekal

        The Incas used to be a large empire of 990.000 km² in Peru of South America. Their city was high up in the Andes Mountains. They were well- known for their great wealth, especially gold. This great empire was unfortunately destroyed in an attack by the Spaniards who were searching for their famed gold. Although this empire existed way back in 1493, it was not backward but complex and well-organized.
        The empire was ruled by the Sapa Inca, Lord of the World, Son of the Sun. He owned everything in the empire - the land, soil, gold and even the people. The people, therefore, had no freedom.
        Boys and girls were to life of obedience and tradition. They began working in their ayllu or family groups. The rule was Ama sua, ama llulla, ama sheklla, which means, "Do not steal, do not lie, do not be lazy."
        Despite this difficult way of live, the Incas were very skilful. They constructed drainage system and underground water reservoirs. Their buildings were made from huge stones. These were cut to flit perfectly together so that no mortar was needed. Their rope bridges were so strong that even a horse could gallop across them!
        The Incas had no written language. Information was recorded on knotted strings called quipus. These were also used as calculators. Strong and healthy young boys were chosen as chasquis or couriers to carry messages from one place to another.

5.   The text mainly tells about ........
A.Chasquis
B.the Incas
C.Sapa Inca
D.Spaniards
E.the Andes

6.   "They constructed drainage system and underground water reservoirs." (Paragraph 4)
The underlined word has the same meaning as ........
A.grew
B.bore
C.built
D.existed
E.renovated

7.   How was the empire destroyed ........
A.The empire was destroyed by huge stones.
B.It was destroyed by well-organized ayllu.
C.The empire was ruled by the Sapa Inca.
D.It was reconstructed by systems.
E.It was attacked by the Spaniards

8.   What did they use to calculate ........
A.Quipus.
B.Strings.
C.Mortars.
D.Chasquis
E.Huge stones.

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